Optical transceiver module consists of optoelectronic devices, circuits and optical interface and other components. It can be divided into various kinds, respectively according to rates, applications, working modes and packages.
Rates: 100Base, 1000Base, 10GE in the application of Ethernet; 155M, 622M, 2.5G, and 10G in the application of SDH.
Applications: SDH/SONET, Ethernet, Fiber Channel, CWDM, DWDM etc..
Working Modes: Continuous and Burst (OLT/ONU).
Packages: 1 x 9, 2 x 9, SFF, SFP, GBIC, 300-PIN, XENPAK, X2，XFP, and SFP+, all kinds of packages are showing as below.
1 × 9 and 2 × 9 packages are welded type optical module, the general speed is less than 1000m, using SC interface.
SFF (Small Form Factor) is welded small package optical module, with the general speed of less than 1000Mbps and using LC interface. SFF small package optical module adopts advanced precision optics and integrated circuit process, size only ordinary duplex SC (1×9) half type optical fiber transceiver module. Optical port number in the same space can be increased one times, which can increase the line port density, reducing the system cost per port. And because the SFF small package module uses MT-RJ interface similar to the copper wire network, and the size of the common computer network wire interface is the same, it is conducive to the existing network devices in a copper based transition to optical fiber network high speed to meet the rapid growth of network bandwidth demand.
SFF transceiver modules are designed for a range of data rates up to 4 Gbps and offer physical compactness and pin-thru hole soldering onto a host board. They are available in several configurations including industry standard 2×5 / 2×10, and de-facto 2×7 pinout.
GBIC (giga bitrate interface converter) is hot pluggable Gigabit interface optical module, using SC interface. GBIC is the device that converts Gigabit electrical signal into optical signal interface. GBIC design can be used for hot plug. GBIC is an international standard interchangeable product. Switches with GBIC interface design are flexible and get a large market share in the market.
GBIC transceiver module is a hot-swappable input/output device that plugs into a Gigabit Ethernet port or slot, linking the port with the network by fiber optic cable or copper networking cable. It is an interface device used to convert Gigabit electrical signal to optical signal. By offering a standard, hot swappable electrical interface, one Gigabit port can support a wide range of physical media, from copper to long-wave single-mode optical fiber, at lengths of hundreds of kilometers.
SFP (small form factor pluggable) is a hot plug small package module, using the LC interface. SFP can be simply understood as an upgraded version of GBIC. Some switch manufacturers called SFP module for Mini GBIC. SFP module volume is reduced by half than the GBIC module, and can be set with double the number of ports in the same panel than GBIC. Other functions of SFP module are the same as GBIC.
SFP transceiver modules are hot-swappable in industry-standard cages and connectors, and offer high-speed performance in a compact package. SFP is used for data rates up to 4 Gbps and DWDM, including tunable versions. The electrical interface to the host board is a serial interface. Cisco GLC-T is one of the most popular SFP modules. Click to get Cisco GLC-T price.
300-PIN is a standardized MSA fiber pigtailed form factor for 10 and 40 Gbps fiber optic transponders used primarily in Telecom and DWDM applications. For 10 Gbps applications, SONET OC-192, SDH STM-64 and DWDM (including tunable) versions are available. For 40 Gbps applications, multiple standards are supported for 2km short reach optical links: SONET OC-768/SDH STM-256, 40GBASE-FR and OTU/OTU3e. For long-haul DWDM applications, OTU3 and OTU3e data rates are supported based on tunable advanced phase modulation formats.
XENPAK (10G Ethernet transceiver package) is a transponder used in Gigabit Ethernet, using the SC interface. It is a standardized form factor for 10 Gbps fiber optics transponders. XENPAK transponders are used in datacom optical links, primarily 10G Ethernet. The electrical interface to the host board is also standardized and is called XAUI (4 x 3.125 Gbps).
X2 (X-wavelength two ports) is a transponder used in Gigabit Ethernet, using the SC interface. It is a standardized form factor for 10 Gbps fiber optics transponders. X2 transponders are used in datacom optical links, primarily 10G Ethernet. The electrical interface to the host board is also standardized and is called XAUI (4 x 3.125 Gbps). X2-10G-LR modules are used very often in the fiber optic networks. X2 DWDM Cisco buy, plz come to FiberStore.
XFP (10 gigabit small form factor pluggable) is available in the 10G optical modules, Gigabit Ethernet, SONET and other system, using the LC interface. It is used for serial modules in 10GbE field, and is the optical module for next generation. XFP is a standardized form factor for serial 10 Gbps fiber optic transceivers. It is protocol-independent and fully compliant to the following standards: 10G Ethernet, 10G Fiber Channel, SONET OC-192, SDH STM-64 and OTN G.709, supporting bit rate from 9.95G through 11.3G. XFP transceiver modules are used in datacom and telecom optical links and offer a smaller footprint and lower power consumption than other 10 Gbps transponders. The electrical interface to the host board is a standardized serial 10 Gbps interface called XFI. Force10 XFP is one of the most popular XFP modules.
SFP+ (SFP plus) is the transceiver module that gigabit network used most commonly. It is used for 10Gbps Ethernet and 8.5Gbps system (Fiber Channel) with the new pluggable optical module size. SFP+ transceiver module has a shape more compact than the X2 and XFP packages, and its power consumption is less than 1W. In addition, it provides a installation density which is higher than the other 10G transceivers. SFP+ has the same volume as SFP industry standard due to a new design. SFP+ is a standardized form factor for fiber optic transceivers and is used in datacom and telecom optical links, offering a smaller footprint and lower power consumption than XFP transceivers. Initial standard applications focused on 8G Fiber Channel, 10G Ethernet and 10G Fiber Channel, where the electrical interface to the host board is a standardized serial interface called SFI. The applications have expanded to include SONET OC-192, SDH STM-64, OTN G.709, CPRI wireless, 16G Fiber Channel, and the emerging 32G Fiber Channel application. Click to buy CWDM 10Gig SFP+.
From 300-PIN to XENPAK, X2, and XFP, the 10G modules finally realizes the transmission of 10G signal with the same size as SFP, which is the SFP+ transceiver module. With the miniaturization, low cost and other advantages, SFP+ module meets the demand for high density optical modules. Since SFP+ standard was released in 2002, it has now replaced XFP and become the mainstream of 10G market.